Mahashivratri is a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honor of Lord Shiva, one of the main deities in Hinduism. The festival is observed on the 13th night/14th day of the Hindu month of Phalguna, which typically falls in the months of February or March.
The word "Mahashivratri" literally means "the great night of Shiva." According to Hindu mythology, this is the night when Lord Shiva performed the cosmic dance of creation, preservation, and destruction.
On this day, devotees of Lord Shiva observe fasts and stay awake all night to offer prayers and perform rituals. Temples dedicated to Lord Shiva are thronged with devotees who offer milk, honey, fruits, and flowers to the deity as a symbol of devotion.
The festival is also marked by all-night vigils, chanting of prayers and hymns, and the recitation of the story of Lord Shiva. Some devotees also perform austerities such as not eating anything, standing on one leg, or meditating for hours in order to attain blessings from Lord Shiva.
Mahashivratri is considered to be one of the most important festivals in Hinduism, and it is believed that Lord Shiva bestows his blessings on those who observe the festival with devotion and purity of heart.