Trataka is a yogic practice of gazing or concentration that involves focusing the eyes on a single point or object. It is commonly performed with a candle flame, but other objects such as a dot on the wall or an image can also be used.
There are two main types of trataka:
- Inner Trataka: In this form, the eyes are closed, and the practitioner visualizes a specific image or object mentally. The image can be an external object that was previously observed or an internal mental image created by the practitioner.
- Outer Trataka: This form involves gazing at an external object without blinking or shifting the gaze. The most common object used is a candle flame, where the practitioner stares at the flame without blinking for a certain period of time.
The purpose of trataka is to develop focus, concentration, and mental clarity. It is also believed to stimulate the Ajna (third eye) chakra and enhance intuition and inner awareness. Trataka is often practiced as a preparatory technique for meditation and to improve overall mental and visual perception.
It's important to approach trataka with caution and seek guidance from an experienced teacher or practitioner, as prolonged or intense gazing can strain the eyes.